Written by Staff
May 1, 2023
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Written by Staff
May 1, 2023
Bipolar disorder is a mental condition associated with mood. It commonly falls under the category of mood disorders characterized by severe fluctuations in mood and changes in energy, thinking, sleep, and behaviors. People with bipolar disorder can have periods in which they feel overly happy and energized, while in the other episode, they feel sad, hopeless, and sluggish. It is mostly referred to as a pole-apart disorder where one end is the manic episode while the other is the depressive episode.
The word mania is defined as the period of intense feeling of excitement and confidence, involving the feeling of irritability, impulsiveness, and reckless decision-making. Mania is a period of excitability and euphoria, while the depressive episode is associated with sadness and loss of interest in daily activities. These episodes of mood swings rarely occur or occur multiple times a year. Most people experience some emotional symptoms between episodes, while others may not experience anything at all. These mood changes can hugely impact all aspects of life – from work and relationships to daily activities and interests.
Around 1 in 100 people worldwide is affected by bipolar disorder, and it is a condition that can be difficult to manage. However, with the right treatment, people with bipolar disorder can lead full and happy lives.
Mania and Hypomania
Mania and hypomania are two distinct episodes having similar symptoms. Mania is characterized as the severe than hypomania and causes more noticeable problems at work, school, and social activities. It can trigger psychosis and may require hospitalization. Mania and hypomania have similar symptoms, such as:
Major Depressive Episode
The major depressive episode includes symptoms of noticeable difficulty in day-to-day activities such as work, school, and social activities such as:
Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition that calls for ongoing care and attention. Treating bipolar disorder as early as possible has been shown to significantly impact the severity of symptoms. But this treatment often requires a multifaceted approach, including psychological interventions and medication, to effectively manage behavioral symptoms and compensate for neurological deficits.
Extreme shifts in mood are a hallmark of bipolar disorder. These swings can range from periods of intense energy and happiness, known as mania, to periods of deep depression. Bipolar disorder can be a very debilitating illness, but there are treatments available that can help people manage their symptoms.
Although bipolar disorder is sometimes spoken about in negative terms, it is important to remember that there are also periods of mania, which can be a time of great creativity and productivity. People with bipolar disorder can lead very successful and fulfilling lives if they receive the right treatment. If you or someone you know is struggling with bipolar disorder, there is help available. There are many resources that can provide support and information about the illness.
Immediately call 911 or your local emergency number if you or someone you know is thinking about self-harm, suicide, or homicide or is in psychiatric distress. If you are with someone thinking about hurting themselves, stay with the person to keep them safe until emergency services arrive at your location.
Use the following telephone number for non-emergency services in LA County (the entry point for mental health services with the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health).
If you are interested in a psychological evaluation by one of our psychologists at Vienna Psychological Group, book your free 30-minute consultation here.
To learn more about mental health and forensic psychology, check out our blog library here and our podcast, The Forensic Psychologist Podcast, hosted by Dr. Vienna on Spotify and Apple Podcasts.
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This blog aims to answer general questions and assist readers in better understanding bipolar disorder. This blog is not intended to provide medical, psychiatric, or legal advice.
Grande, I., Berk, M., Birmaher, B., & Vieta, E. (2016). Bipolar disorder. The Lancet, 387(10027), 1561-1572.
Miklowitz, D. J., & Johnson, S. L. (2008). Bipolar disorder. John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Severus, E., & Bauer, M. (2013). Diagnosing bipolar disorders in DSM-5. International journal of bipolar disorders, 1(1), 1-3.
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